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Эволюция многопроцессорных систем связи — сотовых и несотовых — в исторической перспективе. Часть 1


https://doi.org/10.31799/1684-8853-2018-4-86-104

Полный текст:


Аннотация

Постановка проблемы: целью данного обзора является анализ эволюции систем беспроводной связи от второй генерации (2D) до пятой генерации (5G), а также изменения технологий и их существующих теоретических основ и протоколов — от Bluetooth, WLAN, WiFi и WiMAX до LTE, OFDM/OFDMA, MIMO и LTE/MIMO — продвинутых технологий с новой иерархической структурой дизайна сотовых карт femto/pico/micro/macro.

Методы: использованы новые теоретические подходы для описания продвинутых технологий, таких как многопользовательская техника разделения пользователей, OFDM и OFDM-новейший подход, новые аспекты описания MIMO-систем на базе использования многолучевых антенн, дизайн различных сотовых карт на основе новых алгоритмов построения фемто/пико/микро/макро сот, а также новой методологии интегрирования новой MIMO/LTE-системы с помощью многолучевых антенн.

Результаты: создана новая методология описания многопользовательского разделения, использования комбинированной OFDM/OFDMA-модуляции для обхождения интерференции между пользователями и между символами в новых многопроцессорных системах, мультипликативных шумов, имеющих место в беспроводных многопроцессорных системах связи, вызванных явлениями многолучевости. В итоге предложено, как обойти эффекты распространения, имеющие место в наземных каналах связи, используя комбинацию MIMO- и LTE-технологий, основанных на применении многолучевых антенн. Для этих целей разработан новый стохастический подход к проблеме, учитывающий особенности застройки земной поверхности, такие как профиль застройки домов, плотность застройки домов вокруг антенн базовой станции и пользователей и т. д.  Эти характеристики позволяют в итоге оценить эффекты фединга как источника мультипликативного шума.

Практическая значимость: новая методология оценки эффектов, созданных мультипликативным шумом, интерференцией между пользователями и между символами, имеющими место в наземных системах беспроводной связи, позволяет прогнозировать практические аспекты существующих и новых многопроцессорных беспроводных систем связи, такие как емкость (количество) пользователей и спектральная эффективность каналов пользователей для различных конфигураций построения сот — фемто/пико/микро/макро, а также новейших конфигураций систем MIMO/LTE для построения будущих систем 4-го и 5-го поколений. 


Ключ. слова


аддитивный белый гауссов шум, AWGN, процесс многократного разделения по кодам, CDMA, прямое быстрое преобразование Фурье, DFFT, прямое уширение спектра последовательности, DS-SS, глобальная система подвижной связи, GSM, процесс многократного разделения по частотам, FDMA, обратное быстрое преобразование Фурье, IFFT, внутриканальная интерференция, ICI, внутрисимвольная интерференция, ISI, внутрипользовательская интерференция, IUI, долгосрочные эволюционные реализации, LTE, процесс контроля среды, MAC, мультиплексирование за счет разделения по ортогональным частотам, OFDM, процесс мультиплексирования за счет разделения по ортогональным частотам, OFDMA, процесс мультиплексирования за счет разделения по ортогональным временным частотам, OTDMA, многократный вход — многократный выход, MIMO, единственный вход — многократный выход, SIMO, отношение сигнала к шуму, SNR, процесс многократного разделения по временам, TDMA, оборудование пользователя, UE, беспроводная пользовательская сеть, WiFi, локальная беспроводная сеть, WLAN, беспроводная сеть метрополии, WiMAX, беспроводная пользовательская сеть, WPAN,

Об авторах

А. М. Сергеев
Санкт-Петербургский государственный университет аэрокосмического приборостроения.
Россия

 старший преподаватель.

 Санкт-Петербург.



Н. Ш. Блаунштейн
Негевский университет им. Бен-Гуриона; Иерусалимский технологический колледж.
Израиль

доктор физ.-мат. наук, профессор.

П.О.Б. 653, Бен-Гуриона ул., 1, г. Беэр-Шева, 74105; Хавад Халейми, 21, П.O.Б. 16031, Иерусалим, 91160.



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Для цитирования: Сергеев А.М., Блаунштейн Н.Ш. Эволюция многопроцессорных систем связи — сотовых и несотовых — в исторической перспективе. Часть 1. Информационно-управляющие системы. 2018;(4):86-104. https://doi.org/10.31799/1684-8853-2018-4-86-104

For citation: Sergeev A.M., Blaunstein N.S. Evolution of multiple-access networks cellular and non-cellular — in historical perspective. Part 1. Information and Control Systems. 2018;(4):86-104. https://doi.org/10.31799/1684-8853-2018-4-86-104

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