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Эволюция многопроцессорных систем связи — сотовых и несотовых — в исторической перспективе. Часть 3


https://doi.org/10.31799/1684-8853-2018-6-82-94

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Аннотация

Постановка проблемы: целью данного обзора является анализ эволюции систем беспроводной связи от второй генерации (2D) до пятой генерации (5G), а также изменения технологий и их существующих теоретических основ и протоколов — от Bluetooth, WLAN, WiFi и WiMAX до LTE, OFDM/OFDMA, MIMO и LTE/MIMO — продвинутых технологий с новой иерархической структу-рой дизайна сотовых карт фемто/пико/микро/макро. Методы: использованы новые теоретические подходы для описания продвинутых технологий, таких как многопользовательская техника разделения пользователей, OFDM и OFDM новейший подход, новые аспекты описания MIMO-систем на базе использования многолучевых антенн, дизайн различных сотовых карт на основе новых алгоритмов построения фемто/пико/микро/макро сот, а также новой методологии интегрирования новой MIMO/LTE-системы с помощью многолучевых антенн. Результаты: создана новая методология описания многопользовательского разделения, использования комбинированной OFDM/OFDMA-модуляции для обхождения интерференции между пользователями и между символами в новых многопроцессорных системах, мультипликативных шумов, имеющих место в беспроводных многопроцессорных системах связи, вызванных явлениями многолучевости. В итоге предложено, как обойти эффекты распространения, имеющие место в наземных каналах связи, используя комбинацию MIMO- и LTE-технологий, основанных на применении многолучевых антенн. Для этих целей разработан новый стохастический подход к проблеме, учитывающий особенности застройки земной поверхности, такие как профиль застройки домов, плотность застройки домов вокруг антенн базовой станции и пользователей и т. д. Эти характеристики позволяют в итоге оценить эффекты фединга как источника мультипликативного шума. Практическая значимость: новая методология оценки эффектов, созданных мультипликативным шумом, интерференцией между пользователями и между символами, имеющими место в наземных системах беспроводной связи, позволяет прогнозировать практические аспекты существующих и новых многопроцессорных беспроводных систем связи, такие как емкость (количество) пользователей и спектральная эффективность каналов пользователей для различных конфигураций построения сот — фемто/пико/микро/макро, а также новейших конфигураций систем MIMO/LTE для построения будущих систем 4-го и 5-го поколений.


Об авторах

А. М. Сергеев
Санкт-Петербургский государственный университет аэрокосмического приборостроения
Россия

Сергеев Александр Михайлович - старший преподаватель кафедры вычислительных систем и сетей Санкт-Петербургского государственного университета аэро-космического приборостроения. В 2004 году окончил Санкт-Петербургский государственный университет аэрокосмического приборостроения по специальности «Вычислительные машины, комплексы, системы и сети». Является автором 35 научных публикаций.

Область научных интересов — численные методы, теория вычислительных процессов, проектирование специализированных процессоров.

Б. Морская ул., 67, Санкт-Петербург, 190000.



Н. Ш. Блаунштейн
Негевский университет им. Бен-Гуриона
Израиль

Блаунштейн Натан Шаевич - профессор Иерусалимского технологического института, профессор-эмиритус кафедры систем связи инженерного факультета Негевского университета им. Бен-Гуриона, Беэр-Шева, Израиль. В 1972 году окончил Томский государственный университет по специальности «Радиофизика и электроника, включая квантовую». В 1991 году защитил диссертацию на соискание ученой степени доктора физико-математических наук. Является автором около 200 научных публикаций, в том числе 12 монографий, пяти патентов и трех изобретений.

Область научных интересов — радиофизика, системы проводной и беспроводной связи, радары, оптика и лидары.

П.О.Б. 653, Бен-Гуриона ул., 1, г. Беэр-Шева, 74105.



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Для цитирования: Сергеев А.М., Блаунштейн Н.Ш. Эволюция многопроцессорных систем связи — сотовых и несотовых — в исторической перспективе. Часть 3. Информационно-управляющие системы. 2018;(6):82-94. https://doi.org/10.31799/1684-8853-2018-6-82-94

For citation: Sergeev A.M., Blaunstein N.S. Evolution of multiple-access networks - cellular and non-cellular - in historical perspective. Part 3. Information and Control Systems. 2018;(6):82-94. https://doi.org/10.31799/1684-8853-2018-6-82-94

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